三嶋大社(mishima taisha)

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Mishima Taisha had been revered by the Imperial Court as a god responsible for the eruption and island activities of the Izu Islands for a long time. Since he went to pray in the hope of starting and established the Samurai government in 1180, it became a shrine of the shogunate reverence through the Kamakura period, and it is still the center of the belief of izu peninsula as Izu Kuni Ichinomiya.

1.ご紹介(Introduction)

The official name of this shrine and how to be called The present address and map I will introduce the history of the god and the shrine enshrined.

【神社名(shrine name)】

三嶋大社(mishima taisha)
(みしまたいしゃ)

[通称名(Common name)]

Taisha (taisha) and Myojin (myojin sun)

【鎮座地 (location) 】

 2-1-5 Omiya, Mishima, Shizuoka Prefecture

[地 図 (Google Map)]

【御祭神 (God's name to pray)】

The god of the two pillars is generally referred to as "mishima Daimyojin".

《主》大山祇命(oyamatsumi no mikoto)
積羽八重事代主神(tsumihayae kotoshironushi no kami)

《配》阿波神(awa no kami)
伊古奈比咩命(ikonahime no mikoto)
楊原神(yakiwara no kami)

【御神格 (God's great power)】(ご利益)

Protect of Mountines, the guardian deity of Yamamori Agricultural, forests and agricultural products
・福徳の神 God of Fortune
・家内安全 Safe and comfortable home life
・商売繁盛 Wishing business prosperity
・交通安全 Pray for Traffic safety
・安産 Healthy childbirth
・初宮詣 Baby prays at shrine for the first time
・七五三詣 7 year old 5 year old 3 year old celebration
・厄除け Prayer at an age considered a milestone in life
・開運 Good luck
・病気平癒 God cures the disease
・合格祈願 Prayer for passing the exam
・良縁祈願 A desire to deepen connections and intimacy with good people
・その他 etc

【格 式 (Rules of dignity) 】

・『延喜式神名帳(engishiki jimmeicho)』所載社 名神大月次新嘗
・ 伊豆国一之宮(izunokuni ichinomiya)
・ 別表神社
伊豆国総社

【創 建 (Beginning of history)】

The foundation is unknown.
"Engishiki Jimmeicho"(compiled in December 1927) states that izu kunigamo-gun (southern Izu Peninsula, Izu Islands) is located.
The present zaza was affiliated with Tabata-gun at that time, so it is different from the description.
Then, various theories are proposed, and the Senza theory has become a popular theory.
At first, it is a theory that it was transferred to Izu Kokufu (current shrine) in Okawa-go, Tabata-gun in addition to Kamo-gun Mishima-go (The Island of Izu Islands) and To Taisha-go Shirahama (now Shirahama Shrine Ikonabi-咩-mei Shrine) and to Izu Kokufu (current shrine area) in Ogawa-go, Tabata-gun.

The current place of the zaza can be confirmed from an article in the 4th year (1180) of "Azuma Kagami"

【由 緒 (history)】

Mishima Taisha

Festival God Oyama Gionjin and The Lord's God 
Oyama Gionjin is the god of the mountain, and it is a god of the industrial industry and the god of the national land development management for the start of the forest agriculture.
The head god of the war is commonly referred to as Ebisu-sama, and it is a god of commerce, industry, fisheries, and Fukutoku amicable.

The foundation was very old in the former government mint taisha, and it sat in this place, and it became the place name of Mishima in the name of God.
In the system of Enki, it was lined up to Myojin University, which is already the highest case, and it was deposited in the official mint of the monthly and New Year's shrine, and 2000 bundles of the festival fee rice were received.
Since the Middle Ages, the samurai have been revered, especially Minamoto Yoritomo, on August 17, 1944, when he volunteered deeply to raise his flag, and as soon as he succeeded, he built the shrine hall, dedicated the sacred treasure, and revered it more and more.
Since then, he has gathered the reverence of the common people, including warlords of Takemon, and the name of Mishima Daimeijin has become widely known to the whole country.
In 1868, it was listed in the highest-established Kanmin Taisha Shrine, but the post-war government-mint system was abolished.

Annual Festival It is called a big festival in three days of 15th, 16th and 17th, mainly on August 16.
In addition, the festival is held 115 degrees a year.

Treasures Including the National Treasure Umemaki-e Te Box (Hira Masako Dedication), Shigefumi Mune Tadakazu, Shigefumi Akiyoshi Shitasashi, Shigemi Mitsushima Today's Book No, other old documents such as Yoritomo, Yoriie, Ando, Kenke, Sozui (Hayaun), etc. are stored.

The shrine hall and the precincts have been built several dozen times since ancient times, but the present shrine building is 11 years in 11 years of Kaei (the god of Mishima-Ogami)
It was completed in Keio 2 years by the priest Yadabe Shikibe Moriharu who collapsed due to the Tokai earthquake on April 4, investing a huge cost of more than 16,677 cars with 10 years.
After that, some repairs were carried out by the Great Kanto Earthquake and the Izu Earthquake.
The precincts are about 15,000 tsubo (50,000 square meters).

"National Shrine Festival Comprehensive Survey (1995)" [Shrine Head Office]

【境内社 (Other deities within the precincts)】

Wakamiya Shrine (Wakamiya shrine)(Setsha that enshrines the deity god of the debored Namei Shrine of The God of The God of Mishima Ogami, The God of The Shrine of The Shrine of The Shrine of The Shrine of The Shrine of The God of The Great God of Mishima University)
《主》物忌奈乃命(monoimina no mikoto)
誉田別命(homutawake no mikoto)(第15代 応神天皇)
神功皇后(jingu kogo)
妃大神(hime no okami)

・見目神社(mirume shrine)(三嶋大神の伊豆諸島の妃神六柱を祀る摂社)
《主》波布比売命(伊豆大島の妃神)
久爾都比咩命(新島の妃神)
伊賀牟比咩命(三宅島の妃神)
佐伎多麻比咩命(三宅島の妃神)
伊波乃比咩命(三宅島の妃神)
優波夷命(八丈島の妃神)

東五社 (内庭 舞殿の東方に鎮座し次の5社を祀る末社)
・大楠社《主》大楠神
・天神社《主》瓊瓊杵尊
・聖神社《主》聖神
第三社《主》第三王子
幸神社《主》猿田彦神

西五社 (内庭 舞殿の西方に鎮座し次の5社を祀る末社)
小楠社《主》小楠神
第二社《主》第二王子
酒神社《主》豊受比売神
飯神社《主》保食神
船寄社《主》塩土老翁

祓戸神社(harahedo shrine)(境内西側に鎮座 祓戸四柱の神を祀る末社)
《主》織津姫神(seoritsuhime no kami)
速秋津姫神(hayaakitsuhime no kami)
気吹戸主神(ibukidonushi no kami)
速佐須良姫神(hayasasuraihime no kami)
桜川が流れ込む池の中の島に鎮座 国司によってこの地に奉斎され 国司の大社参拝の際は必ず当地で祓いを行なったと云う

厳島神社(itsukushima shrine)(境内 神池中の島に鎮座 北条政子の勧請)
《主》市杵島姫命(ichikishimahime no mikoto)

伊豆魂神社 (伊豆一円の戦没英霊二三七二柱を祀る境内末社)
《主》護国の英霊

淡嶋神碑《主》淡島神

スポンサーリンク

この神社の予備知識(Preliminary knowledge of this shrine)

This shrine has a long history.

『延喜式神名帳(engishiki jimmeicho)』The two volumes that are regarded as important among all 50 ritual- style scrolls created by the Imperial Court during the middle Heian period are called " engishiki jimmeicho " (edited in December 927). Approximately 1100 years ago, the name of "2861 company" and the number of gods enshrined there are listed in the list of government offices (shikinaisha) nationwide.

【延喜式神名帳】(engishiki jimmeicho)The shrine record was completed in December 927 AD.

[旧 行政区分](Old administrative district)
(神様の鎮座数)東海道 731座…大52(うち預月次新嘗19)・小679
[旧 国 名 ](old county name)
(神様の鎮座数)伊豆国 92座(大5座・小87座)
[旧 郡 名 ](old region name)
(神様の鎮座数)賀茂郡 46座(大4座・小44座)
[名神大 大 小]Ceremony Meishin Taisha 式内 名神大社

[旧 神社名 ] 伊豆三島神社(名神大月次新嘗)
[ふ り が な ](いずみしまの かみのやしろ)
[How to read] (izumishima no kamino yashiro)

https://www.digital.archives.go.jp/DAS/meta/listPhoto?LANG=default&BID=F1000000000000004146&ID=M2014101719562090086&TYPE=&NO= Image Use
National Diet Library Digital Collection Enki-shiki Publication (Baba) [Former Kurashi] Autumn Leaves Yama Bunko

【オタッキーポイント】(Points selected by Japanese Otaku)
あなたが この神社に興味が湧くような予備知識をオタク視点でご紹介します

It is five companies that were considered to be the outer setsha of Mishima Taisha, and it is considered to be the company of "Engishiki Jimmeicho".

Izu Province is one of the rule-of-law countries that used to be a local administrative division of Japan, and in modern administrative divisions, "Shizuoka Prefecture Izu Peninsula" & "Tokyo Izu Islands" become the equivalent area Mishima Taisha was "Izu Kuni Ichinomiya", and Ninomiya, Sannomiya, and Shinomiya were setsha outside the border.

(1) "Asama Shrine"(Ninomiya, Izu Province) Zhenzachi: Shibamoto-cho, Mishima 6-3

(Izu Kunigamo-gun, Iga-mu-Himei Shrine)

➁ "Yangbara Shrine"(Sannomiya, Izu province) Jinzachi: 4-7 Kitada-cho, Mishima City

(Izu Kunidata-gun, Yangbara Shrine, Meishin University) "Engishiki" Ronsha

National Archives Digital Archives "Continued Nihongoki" (869) Sadakan 11 years completion Winner: Fujiwara Ryobo / School revision: Tateno Spring Festival Kanmoto Hiromasa 2007 [former brewer] Ministry of the Interior
https://www.digital.archives.go.jp/DAS/meta/listPhoto?LANG=default&BID=F1000000000000047680&ID=&TYPE=&NO=

It enters the Middle Ages from ancient times, and it is written as a document that can confirm the present seat in 1180 in the 4th year (1180) of "Azuma kagami"

"Azumakagami" 4th year (1180) "Minamoto Yoritomo's raising" written in the August 17 article (it is an important day that can be said to be a turning point to the samurai government in Japanese history)

Summary

August 17 (current mid-September) Fine weather It becomes the Shinto ritual of Mishima Taisha
On this day, Minamoto Yoritomo named him a soldier to kill Mr. Hei.

On this day, Lord Yoritomo will visit Mishima Taisha Shrine just before the military.
At the time of the final soldier's army, Tokimasa Hojo said, "Today, there is a Shinto ritual of Mishima Taisha, so the crowd is worshiping, so when you go around Ushihoe Bouletraße, you should go to the back road because it is suspected by people who come and go."
Yoritomo replies, "It's a reasonable opinion, but it's the beginning of a new world, so you can't use the road, and you should go along the main street where you can't use a horse on The Island Street."

Hojo Tokimasa and his friends shot arrow stones around Tenmanzaka in front of Yamaki Kanetaka's mansion.

Many of Kanetaka's followers were absent because they visited the Shrine of Mishima Taisha and stayed at the inn of the Yose River.
The remaining samurai fought for death, but in the meantime, the Sasaki Sadatsuna brothers joined this battle after avenging Tsutsumi Nobuen.

As a result, Minamoto Yoritomo successfully avenged Yamaki Kanetaka.

【原文参照】国立公文書館デジタルアーカイブス『吾妻鏡』 治承04年写本 室町[旧蔵者]紅葉山文庫
https://www.digital.archives.go.jp/DAS/meta/listPhoto?LANG=default&BID=F1000000000000047829&ID=&TYPE=&NO=

"Azuma Kagami" Bunji 4th year (1188) The first "nisho mode" written in the article of the New Year's Day 20

Visit to "Izu province running yu gongen (Izuyama shrine)" and "Sagami province Hakone Gongen (Hakone Shrine)" where Minamoto Yoritomo-ko started, and visit to Mishima Taisha shrine is called "nisho mode".
It is said that the name of "nisho mode" took two of the former, both
of which are "God and Buddha" related to Yoritomo.
Since then, the kamakura shogun shogun has held almost a new year's annual event through the Kamakura Shogunate.

Bunji 4th year (1188) New Year's Day is written about the Shinto ritual of "nisho mode" below summary

1188 New Year's Day 16
Mr. Yoritomo visited Tsuruoka Hachimangu Shrine, and after returning to the Imperial Palace, he started bathing at Shojin Kiyoshisai in two places.

1188 New Year's Day
The departure in two places approached, and I ordered it again today though it ordered in advance to guard the mountain road to the country imperial people such as Kai Izu Suruga etc.
That's because you're especially cautious because you still don't know where Yoshitsune is.

20th Of New Year's Day,1188
Yoritomo left Kamakura and visited Izuyama Gongen Hakone Gongen Mishima Taisha Shrine.
Bushu 參 Junshu Genshin Ōo Kamiso Nitta Kurato Satomi Kanjin Tokukawa Saburo, etc.
Goro Izawa Mijiro Koyama's attendants were 300 cavalry.
It is said that as a person in charge of Miura Sukeyoshisumi, he made a ukibashi (Funabashi) on the Sagami River.

[Reference to the original text] National Archives Digital Archives [Azuma Mirror] Jijo 04 Manuscript Muromachi [former kurashi] Autumn Leaves Yama Bunko
https://www.digital.archives.go.jp/DAS/meta/listPhoto?LANG=default&BID=F1000000000000047829&ID=&TYPE=&NO=

As Izu Kuni Ichinomiya, he had been revered by the Imperial Court as a god responsible for the eruption and island activities of the Izu Islands for a long time.

"hai" (90 degree bow) to Mishima Taisha (mishima taisha)

Please see the article of Ikonabi 咩 Mei Shrine (Shirahama Shrine) which is said to be a former shrine.

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